Did you know that there are over 700 programming languages, including esoteric coding languages😮!!?
In this article, we shall see the top 15 languages to learn in 2022 and why you should learn them. I am going to focus on the popular features and use-cases of these languages than a diverse approach since most of these are general, robust and can do lots of things at a go.
Programming languages allow us to translate the 1s and 0s into something that humans can understand and write.
Note: This is in no particular order even if I am a Python lover! 😜
1 .Python 🔸
Python was conceived in the late 1980s by Guido van Rossum. Python is a widely-used general-purpose, high-level programming language. It was initially designed by Guido van Rossum in 1991
Python won the prestigious TIOBE Programming Language of the Year award in 2021. Congratulations! This is the second time in a row. The award is given to the programming language that has gained the highest increase in ratings in one year.
It happens to be my favourite chocolate and I extensively use it for web-scraping and web backend.
Python is mainly used in task automation, data analysis, and data visualization. It is a standard for machine learning and artificial intelligence because of its huge library and frameworks on top of an easy learning curve.
Java was developed by James Gosling, who is known as the father of Java, in 1995. James Gosling and his team members started the project in the early '90s.
Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible
One of the most widely used programming languages, Java is used as the server-side language for most back-end development projects, including those involving big data and Android development. Java is also commonly used for desktop computing, other mobile computing, games, and numerical computing.
4 .C/C++ 🔸
The C programming language came out of Bell Labs in the early 1970s. According to the Bell Labs paper The Development of the C Language by Dennis Ritchie.
C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Laboratories over a period starting in 1979.
C & C++ are some of the most difficult languages to learn. This is because they use a range of paradigms. You'll need to familiarize yourself with different programming concepts before you can efficiently use them.
Both are used when a low-level programming language is necessary. Commonly used for graphics-heavy software such as games, photo and video editing apps, browsers, C is more widely used for embedded devices and OS kernels.
5 .C# 🔸
C# (C-Sharp) is a programming language developed by Microsoft that runs on the .NET Framework.
C# is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language. C# encompasses static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative
C# is widely used for developing desktop applications, web applications and web services. It is used in creating applications of Microsoft at a large scale. C# is also used in game development in Unity.
6 .PHP 🔸
PHP was conceived sometime in the fall of 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. Many say it is a language headed for extinction but many websites are still powered by this language including WordPress, Facebook etc.
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is known as a general-purpose scripting language that can be used to develop dynamic and interactive websites. It was among the first server-side languages that could be embedded into HTML.
7 .R 🔸
R is a programming language for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.
Created by statisticians Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R is used among data miners and statisticians for data analysis and developing statistical software. Users have created packages to augment the functions of the R language.
The development of Swift started in July 2010 by Chris Lattner, with the eventual collaboration of many other programmers at Apple. Swift took language ideas "from Objective-C, Rust, Haskell, Ruby, Python, C#, CLU
Swift is a robust and intuitive programming language created by Apple for building apps for iOS, Mac, Apple TV, and Apple Watch. It's designed to give developers more freedom than ever. Swift is easy to use and open-source, so anyone with an idea can create something incredible.
Kotlin originated at JetBrains, the company behind IntelliJ IDEA, in 2010, and has been open source since 2012.
It is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference. Kotlin is designed to interoperate fully with Java.
Kotlin was invented to solve the developer challenges of JetBrains. They needed a simpler tool than Java to work with their main product, called IntelliJ IDEA, totally written in it.
The designers investigated the alternatives, stayed unsatisfied, and decided to invent their own language.
Kotlin first started as a language for Android development specifically, it quickly spread through the Java community because of its features and has since been used for many types of applications.
By the way, it is one of my favourites.
10 .Go 🔸
Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. Go is syntactically similar to C
Go was developed by Google engineers to create dependable and efficient software and mostly used in cloud-native development.
11 .Ruby 🔸
Ruby was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto, or "Matz", in Japan in the mid-1990s. It was designed for programmer productivity with the idea that programming should be fun for programmers.
Ruby is most used for building web applications. However, it is a general-purpose language similar to Python, so it has many other applications like data analysis, prototyping, and proof of concepts.
Probably the most obvious implementation of Ruby is Rails web, the development framework built with Ruby.
12 .Rust 🔸
Rust was originally designed by Graydon Hoare at Mozilla Research, with contributions from Dave Herman, Brendan Eich, and others.
Rust is a statically-typed programming language designed for performance and safety, especially safe concurrency and memory management.
13 .SQL (Structured Query Language)🔸
It is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS).
It is a language for specifying the organization of databases (collections of records). Databases organized with SQL are called relational because SQL provides the ability to query a database for information that falls in a given relation.
C, C++, C#, PHP and Python is the Best Programming Language to connect with SQL database.
MATLAB(an abbreviation of "MATrix LABoratory" )was invented by mathematician and computer programmer Cleve Moler and first appeared in the 1970s.
The first MATLAB® was not a programming language; it was a simple interactive matrix calculator.
Millions of engineers and scientists worldwide use MATLAB for a range of applications, in industry and academia, including deep learning and machine learning, signal processing and communications, image and video processing, control systems, test and measurement, computational finance, and computational biology.
Objective-C was created primarily by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s at their company Productivity Products International (PPI)
Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.
In 2014, it was replaced by Swift, which is an improved version of this language. However, despite this, Objective-C is still extremely popular since there are many IOS applications on the market written in it and which require support
🔹 If you are just new: Scratch
🔹 If you want a quick start: Python
🔹 If you want to be a master dev: C
🔹 If you want mobile apps: Java
🔹 If you’re a start-up: Ruby
🔹 If you want Games: C++
🔹 If you want databases: SQL
🔸If you are confused: HTML + CSS 😂
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