Ronnie Atuhaire
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Top 15 Programming Languages Matched With Use Cases

Top 15 Programming Languages Matched With Use Cases

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Ronnie Atuhaire
Jan 8, 2022

7 min read

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Did you know that there are over 700 programming languages, including esoteric coding languages!!?

In this article, we shall see the top 15 languages to learn in 2022 and why you should learn them. I am going to focus on the popular features and use-cases of these languages than a diverse approach since most of these are general, robust and can do lots of things at a go.

programming-languages-shutterstock-1680857539.jpg Programming languages allow us to translate the 1s and 0s into something that humans can understand and write.

Note: This is in no particular order even if I am a Python lover!

1 .Python

Python was conceived in the late 1980s by Guido van Rossum. Python is a widely-used general-purpose, high-level programming language. It was initially designed by Guido van Rossum in 1991

png-transparent-django-python-computer-programming-programming-language-computer-software-python-logo-text-logo-banner-removebg-preview (1).png Python won the prestigious TIOBE Programming Language of the Year award in 2021. Congratulations! This is the second time in a row. The award is given to the programming language that has gained the highest increase in ratings in one year.

It happens to be my favourite chocolate and I extensively use it for web-scraping and web backend.

Use-Case
Python is mainly used in task automation, data analysis, and data visualization. It is a standard for machine learning and artificial intelligence because of its huge library and frameworks on top of an easy learning curve.

2 .Java

Java was developed by James Gosling, who is known as the father of Java, in 1995. James Gosling and his team members started the project in the early '90s.

Java is a high-level, class-based, object-oriented programming language that is designed to have as few implementation dependencies as possible

image.png Use-Case
One of the most widely used programming languages, Java is used as the server-side language for most back-end development projects, including those involving big data and Android development. Java is also commonly used for desktop computing, other mobile computing, games, and numerical computing.

3 .JavaScript

JavaScript was invented by Brendan Eich in 1995. It was developed for Netscape 2 and became the ECMA-262 standard in 1997. After Netscape handed JavaScript over to ECMA, the Mozilla foundation continued to develop JavaScript for the Firefox browser.

JavaScript (JS) is a lightweight, interpreted, or just-in-time compiled programming language with first-class functions. It is a language for the web.

computer-icons-logo-brand-javascript-javaserver-pages-free-892749-removebg-preview.png Use-Case
JavaScript is mainly used to create responsive, interactive elements for web pages, enhancing the user experience. The majority of the users use it for the front-end and it has also a backend-Node JS implementation.

4 .C/C++

The C programming language came out of Bell Labs in the early 1970s. According to the Bell Labs paper The Development of the C Language by Dennis Ritchie.

C++ was developed by Bjarne Stroustrup at Bell Laboratories over a period starting in 1979.

C & C++ are some of the most difficult languages to learn. This is because they use a range of paradigms. You'll need to familiarize yourself with different programming concepts before you can efficiently use them. 355-3559358_c-and-c-logo-hd-png-download-removebg-preview.png Use-Case
Both are used when a low-level programming language is necessary. Commonly used for graphics-heavy software such as games, photo and video editing apps, browsers, C is more widely used for embedded devices and OS kernels.

5 .C#

C# (C-Sharp) is a programming language developed by Microsoft that runs on the .NET Framework.

C# is a general-purpose, multi-paradigm programming language. C# encompasses static typing, strong typing, lexically scoped, imperative, declarative

image.png Use-Case
C# is widely used for developing desktop applications, web applications and web services. It is used in creating applications of Microsoft at a large scale. C# is also used in game development in Unity.

6 .PHP

PHP was conceived sometime in the fall of 1994 by Rasmus Lerdorf. Many say it is a language headed for extinction but many websites are still powered by this language including WordPress, Facebook etc.

image.png Use-Case
PHP (Hypertext Preprocessor) is known as a general-purpose scripting language that can be used to develop dynamic and interactive websites. It was among the first server-side languages that could be embedded into HTML.

7 .R

R is a programming language for statistical computing and graphics supported by the R Core Team and the R Foundation for Statistical Computing.

image.png Use-Case
Created by statisticians Ross Ihaka and Robert Gentleman, R is used among data miners and statisticians for data analysis and developing statistical software. Users have created packages to augment the functions of the R language.

8 .Swift

The development of Swift started in July 2010 by Chris Lattner, with the eventual collaboration of many other programmers at Apple. Swift took language ideas "from Objective-C, Rust, Haskell, Ruby, Python, C#, CLU

image.png Use-Case
Swift is a robust and intuitive programming language created by Apple for building apps for iOS, Mac, Apple TV, and Apple Watch. It's designed to give developers more freedom than ever. Swift is easy to use and open-source, so anyone with an idea can create something incredible.

9 .Kotlin

Kotlin originated at JetBrains, the company behind IntelliJ IDEA, in 2010, and has been open source since 2012.

It is a cross-platform, statically typed, general-purpose programming language with type inference. Kotlin is designed to interoperate fully with Java.

image.png Kotlin was invented to solve the developer challenges of JetBrains. They needed a simpler tool than Java to work with their main product, called IntelliJ IDEA, totally written in it.

The designers investigated the alternatives, stayed unsatisfied, and decided to invent their own language.

Use-Case
Kotlin first started as a language for Android development specifically, it quickly spread through the Java community because of its features and has since been used for many types of applications.

By the way, it is one of my favourites.

10 .Go

Go is a statically typed, compiled programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson. Go is syntactically similar to C

image.png
Use-Case
Go was developed by Google engineers to create dependable and efficient software and mostly used in cloud-native development.

11 .Ruby

Ruby was created by Yukihiro Matsumoto, or "Matz", in Japan in the mid-1990s. It was designed for programmer productivity with the idea that programming should be fun for programmers.

image.png Use-Case
Ruby is most used for building web applications. However, it is a general-purpose language similar to Python, so it has many other applications like data analysis, prototyping, and proof of concepts.

Probably the most obvious implementation of Ruby is Rails web, the development framework built with Ruby.

12 .Rust

Rust was originally designed by Graydon Hoare at Mozilla Research, with contributions from Dave Herman, Brendan Eich, and others.

image.png Use-Case
Rust is a statically-typed programming language designed for performance and safety, especially safe concurrency and memory management.

13 .SQL (Structured Query Language)

It is a domain-specific language used in programming and designed for managing data held in a relational database management system (RDBMS).

image.png
Use-Case
It is a language for specifying the organization of databases (collections of records). Databases organized with SQL are called relational because SQL provides the ability to query a database for information that falls in a given relation.

C, C++, C#, PHP and Python is the Best Programming Language to connect with SQL database.

14 .Matlab

MATLAB(an abbreviation of "MATrix LABoratory" )was invented by mathematician and computer programmer Cleve Moler and first appeared in the 1970s.

The first MATLAB簧 was not a programming language; it was a simple interactive matrix calculator.

image.png Use-Case
Millions of engineers and scientists worldwide use MATLAB for a range of applications, in industry and academia, including deep learning and machine learning, signal processing and communications, image and video processing, control systems, test and measurement, computational finance, and computational biology.

15 .Objective-C

Objective-C was created primarily by Brad Cox and Tom Love in the early 1980s at their company Productivity Products International (PPI)

Objective-C is a general-purpose, object-oriented programming language that adds Smalltalk-style messaging to the C programming language.

image.png Use-Case
In 2014, it was replaced by Swift, which is an improved version of this language. However, despite this, Objective-C is still extremely popular since there are many IOS applications on the market written in it and which require support

In Summary:

If you are just new: Scratch
If you want a quick start: Python
If you want to be a master dev: C
If you want mobile apps: Java
If you want a website: Javascript
If youre a start-up: Ruby
If you want Games: C++
If you want databases: SQL

碰f you are confused: HTML + CSS

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Ronnie Atuhaire

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